Obesity is defined as 30% over ideal body weight or Body mass index over 30. Morbid Obesity is Body mass index over 40 or over 35 with co- morbidities or obesity related health problems.
The following obesity grades are defined and based on the calculation of BMI.
National Burden of Obesity
Total medical cost for Obesity in 2009 was $152 billion.
Those with a BMI of 30 to 40 (78 million Americans)
- Had healthcare loss of 36% greater than average weight individuals.
- Had pharmacy loss of 77% greater than average weight individuals.
Health Ramifications of Obesity
Morbid obesity increases the risk for several life threatening medical conditions called “Co-morbidities” and also shortens life span.
Every year 300,000 deaths are reported in the USA directly related to Obesity. This is approximately at the rate of 5-6% of the morbidly obese population every year!! Every year, 4 out of 100 morbidly obese individuals die because of obesity related health issues.
Life expectancy of a 20-year-old morbidly obese male is 13 years shorter than a normal weight male of the same age.
Morbidly obese individuals are 17 times more likely to develop cancer and 7 times more likely to develop diabetes
Obesity Related Health Issues
The disease of Morbid Obesity when left untreated can be devastating to both body and mind. Morbid Obese individuals are often faced with, or eventually could face, significant “co-morbidities” that can affect every organ in the body.
Co-morbidities are common medical conditions we have heard of. However the morbid obese individual is more likely to develop these conditions. In addition, as the number of co-morbidities increase so does the risk of premature death.
Some of the “Co-Morbidity” conditions are as follows:
- Heart Disease
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
- High Triglycerides
- Diabetes Mellitus type 2
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
- Respiratory Insufficiency
- Heartburn- Reflux Disease and Nocturnal Aspiration
- Gallbladder Disease
- Liver disease
- Stress Urinary Incontinence
- Degenerative Disease of Lumbo-Sacral Spine
- Degenerative Arthritis of Weight-Bearing Joints
- Venous Stasis Disease
- Blood clots in legs and pulmonary embolism
- Menstrual irregularity
- Some cancers
- Psychological and Social Effects
A decision to seriously consider weight loss surgery is daunting and sometimes farfetched. Most patients think about it for several years until they reach their 'breakpoint' such as seeing a devastating health problem related to obesity in a close family member or realizing that they won't be around to see their children and grandchildren reach various milestones and so on. It is a major decision emotionally and financially. But realize that obesity is not just a problem of overeating, it's a medical disease with multiple contributing factors including genetics. It needs a multi pronged approach and all issues have to be addressed comprehensively.
We understand your concerns, and we do everything we can to help with alleviating your concerns and answer your questions. We will be your trusted partner in this journey. Don't wait to schedule a consultation or a free no obligation evaluation in our office. Please contact us at 512-257-2425 or click here to submit an online enquiry.